Working principle and function of automotive relay

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  • By:German B2b

The working principle of an automotive relay is based on the concept of an electromagnetic switch. The relay consists of an electromagnet, a movable contact, and a stationary contact. When a low-current signal, such as from a switch, is applied to the relay, it energizes the electromagnet, which creates a magnetic field that pulls the movable contact towards the stationary contact. When the two contacts meet, a circuit is completed, allowing a higher current to flow to the component or device being controlled by the relay.

The function of an automotive relay is to act as an electrical switch that allows a low current control circuit to activate a high current circuit. For example, the relay may be used to turn on the headlights of a vehicle when the driver flips a switch. Instead of directly connecting the switch to the headlights, a low-current control circuit activates the relay, which then allows a high-current circuit to flow to the headlights, turning them on.

Relays can also be used to control multiple circuits with a single input signal, by using multiple sets of movable and stationary contacts. They can also provide electrical isolation between the control circuit and the high-current circuit, improving safety and preventing damage to sensitive electronic components.

In summary, the automotive relay functions as an electrical switch that allows a low-current control circuit to control the operation of a higher current circuit, using an electromagnetic switch mechanism.

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